Hello, friends welcome to the new tutorial of BASIC HACKING TERMS ONE SHOULD KNOW. Here we will talk about some words and abbreviations used in terms of hacking. But before going to upper-level let’s start with some basic terms.



📌 DDoS = Distributed Denial of Service

📌 DrDoS = It stands for Distributed Reflected Denial of Service Attack, it uses a list of reflection servers or other methods such as DNS to spoof an attack to look like it’s coming from multiple IPs.

📌FTP = It is Used for transferring files over an FTP server know as File Transfer Protocol.

📌Hex =In computer science, hexadecimal refers to base-16 numbers. These range from: 0123456789ABCDEF. In the C programming language, hexadecimal numbers are prefixed by a 0x. In this manner, one can tell that the number 0x80 is equivalent to 128 decimal, and not 80 decimal.

📌HTTP =Hyper Text Transfer Protocol. World Wide Web [WWW] has founded this communication.

📌IRC = Internet Relay Chat. Transmitting text messages in real-time between online users.

📌JDB =Java drive-by, a very commonly used web-based exploit It allows an attacker to download and execute malicious code locally on a slave’s machine through java vulnerability.

📌Malware =Malicious Software

📌 Nix = Unix based operating system, usually referred to here when referring to DoS’ing.

📌POP3 =This is the most popular protocol for picking up e-mail from a server.

📌R.A.T = Remote Administration Tool

📌SDB = Silent drive-by, using a zero-day web-based exploit to hiddenly and helps tp execute malicious code on a slave’s system.

📌SE = Social Engineering

📌Skid =Script Kid/Script Kiddie

📌SMTP =A TCP/IP protocol used in sending and receiving e-mail.

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📌SQL =Structured Query Language. It’s a programming language, that used to communicate with databases and DBMS. But It can also go along with a word after it like “SQL Injection.”

📌SSH =Secure Shell, used to connect to Virtual Private Servers.

📌TCP = Transmission Control Protocol creates connections and exchanges packets of data.

📌UDP =User Datagram Protocol, An alternative data transport to TCP used for DNS, Voice over IP, and file sharing.

📌VPN =Virtual Private Network

📌 VPS =Virtual Private Server

📌XSS (CSS) = Cross-Site Scripting


📌Algorithm = A series of steps specifying which actions to take in which order.

📌ANSI Bomb = ANSI.SYS key-remapping commands consist of cryptic-looking text that specifies, using ANSI numeric codes to redefine keys.

📌Back Door = Something a hacker leaves behind on a system in order to be able to get back in at a later time.

📌Binary = A numbering system in which there are only two possible values for each digit: 0 and 1.

📌Black Hat = A hacker who performs illegal actions to do with hacking online. it is an unauthorized work because the government does not support it.

📌Blue Hat =A blue hat hacker is one who is outside computer security consulting firms who is used to bug test a system prior to its launch. Looking for exploits so that they can be closed.

📌Bot = A piece of malware that connects a computer to an attacker commonly using the HTTP or IRC protocol to await malicious instructions.

📌Botnet = Computers infected by worms or Trojans and taken over by hackers and brought into networks to send spam, more viruses, or launch denial of service attacks.

📌Buffer Overflow = A classic exploit that sends more data than a programmer expects to receive. These are some of the most common programming errors.

📌Cracker = A specific type of hacker who decrypts passwords of different accounts.

So, guys, this is the end of the article. I hope I have specified all the basic terms of your need. But stay tuned and keep reading next time some of the professional terms will be posted. But Till the time stay safe and stay legal.

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